Techniques used in Applied Behaviour Analysis
It is challenging for a person to work with children who have disabilities. However, a special qualification is required to help these children grow as valuable members of society. Professional training in this field is known as Applied Behaviour Analysis. The experts use some professional techniques to help children who need assistance to grow positively. So, let’s discuss these valuable techniques and how they can be useful to the children:
Positive Reinforcement Technique
A child who has learning or social disabilities might lack how to respond in various situations. Therefore, a properly trained professional knows how to make use of positive reinforcement in life.
It will help the students understand when to reward somebody or consider that better behaviour is expected. There are various training courses available for the professionals to make sure they handle the special kids appropriately. Check out the bacb ceus online free course for the greater enhancement of the knowledge.
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Negative Reinforcement Technique
Most of the time, the child will not act properly. Here the behaviour needs to be corrected immediately. The most appropriate way to correct the child’s bad behaviour is to punish the child.
Also, it is really important that the child is punished immediately and know why they are being punished. Also, make sure the punishments are consistent. As if the children are punished inconsistently, it can make the child more confused with the situation. Also, remember the punishment is only to improve the child and avoid the repetition of his mistake.
Visual prompts or verbal cues can help encourage the behaviour of the child. For instance, you are helping them enact activities like taking the shoes off while walking in the house or washing their hands before a meal. Also, the prompts can be quite helpful as they are quite positive and are less intimidating.
It is a model which will help learn about the individual child rather than any correct or reinforce behaviour. The task analysis can be differentiated into various categories, which mainly includes:
The technique involves helping the child to learn. For example, singing techniques are also used to teach the child certain things like calling out the alphabet’s name, spelling a word correctly.
The technique helps the children to make the appropriate behaviours. They are divided into various categories. The Behaviour Contracts start by lifting the positive behaviour which the therapists want to see. Also, Behaviour Contracts finishes by setting the long-term rewards. Giving rewards to the kids can help to bring up the motivation.
Visual learning is designed to improvise social, communication, and play skills. For example, the video can portray a group of children who share their things, or one child uses the proper table manners.
The children are made to watch this videotape at least once to observe the behaviours in action. Then, the behaviour analysts further recreate the scene and ask the kids to show what they have learned. The idea behind this is that the kids will mimic others and thereby carry out the actions. The kids with autism are quite good at imitating people’s behaviours.
Thus, children with some disabilities need personalized and special assistance as well. Fortunately, many people are trained in this field to help the kids grow healthy, who need a little more help to become happy humans. If you wish to take up this profession, you can take online courses related to behaviour analysis. What more do you desire than bringing a difference in someone’s life who needs a little extra help!