What Are the Types of Shares In Which You Can Invest?

Shares, also known as equities or stocks, represent a portion of ownership in a company. When you buy shares in a company, you become a shareholder and have the potential to earn a return on your investment through dividends and capital appreciation. However, not all shares are created equal, and there are several different types of shares that investors can choose from. Here are a few tips on different types of shares and what to consider when investing in them:

  • Common Shares: These are the most common type of shares and represent the basic unit of ownership in a company. Common shareholders have the right to vote on company matters, such as the election of directors and major corporate actions. They also have the potential to earn a return through dividends and capital appreciation. However, common shareholders also bear the most risk, as the value of their shares can fluctuate with the performance of the company.
  • Preferred shares: Preferred shares are a type of equity that typically pay a fixed dividend and have priority over common shares when it comes to dividends and assets in the event of liquidation. Preferred shareholders do not usually have voting rights, but they have a higher claim on assets and earnings than common shareholders. Preferred shares can be a good option for investors looking for a steady income stream, but they may not provide as much potential for capital appreciation as common shares.
  • Blue chip Shares: Blue Chip shares refer to shares of large, well-established companies that have a history of strong financial performance and stability. These companies are often leaders in their respective industries and have a strong track record of dividends and earnings growth. Blue-chip shares can be a good option for investors looking for a long-term investment with a lower risk profile.
  • Small-cap Shares: Small-cap shares refer to shares of smaller companies that have a lower market capitalization than blue-chip companies. These companies may be less established and have a higher level of risk, but they also have the potential for higher returns. Small-cap shares can be a good option for investors looking for a higher-risk, higher-reward investment opportunity.
  • Foreign Shares: Investing in foreign shares allows you to diversify your portfolio and gain exposure to global markets. However, foreign shares also come with added risks, such as currency risk and political risk. It’s important to thoroughly research the country and company before investing, and to be aware of any potential risks.
  • Index Shares: These shares track an index, such as the S&P 500, which is a collection of blue-chip shares. Index shares can provide a low-cost way to gain exposure to the stock market, but they may not provide the same level of returns as investing in individual shares.


Shares can be a great investment option, but it’s important to know the different types available, their characteristics and how they fit into your investment strategy and portfolio. The key is to diversify, do your own research and understand the risks and potential returns associated with each type of share. Remember, past performance is not an indicator of future results, and it is important to consult a financial advisor and check stock trading app before making any investment decisions.


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